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Abstract

Abstrak


Penyakit jantung koroner secara klinis ditandai dengan nyeri dada akibat sumbatan di arteri coroner. Akupresur merupakan bagian terapi komplementer yang mampu meningkatkan kadar endorfin untuk merangsang penurunan nyeri. Pelaksanaan evidence based nursing akupresur ini diberikan pada 8 pasien dengan teknik pemilihan purposive sampling. Instrument penerapan menggunakan skala penilaian nyeri visual analog scale. Penerapan akupresur diberikan selama 20 menit pada titik akupresur L14 dengan skala nyeri 0 sampai 5. Hasil dari 8 sampel yang diberikan akupresur semua pasien mengalami penurunan skala nyeri. Penekanan atau sentuhan pada titik akupresur dapat meningkatkan kadar endorfin dalam darah maupun sistemik. Endorfin merupakan opiat tubuh secara alami dihasilkan oleh kelenjar pituitary yang berguna untuk mengurangi nyeri, mempengaruhi memori dan mood yang kemudian akan memberikan perasaan relaks. Terapi akupresur terbukti mampu menurunkan nyeri sehingga bermanfaat untuk diterapkan pada pasien akut koroner sindrom dengan keluhan nyeri dada.


 


Abstract


Coronary heart disease is clinically characterized by chest pain due to a blockage in the coronary arteries. Acupressure is part of complementary therapy that is able to increase endorphin levels to stimulate pain reduction. The implementation of evidence based nursing acupressure was given to 8 patients with a purposive sampling technique. The application instrument uses a visual analog pain scale rating scale. The application of acupressure was given for 20 minutes at the L14 acupressure point with a pain scale of 0 to 5. The results of the 8 samples given acupressure all patients experienced a decrease in pain scale. Emphasis or touch on the acupressure point can increase blood and systemic endorphin levels. Endorphins are the body's opiates naturally produced by the pituitary gland which are useful for reducing pain, affecting memory and mood which will then relax. Acupressure therapy has been proven to reduce pain so it is useful to apply to acute coronary syndrome patients with chest pain.


 

Keywords

Nyeri dada, akupresur, sindrom koroner akut

Article Details

References

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