Main Article Content


This study aims at creating HOTS items for the "Sing a Song" material,  establishing their level of validity, and determining their dependability for tenth-grade students of MA Madani Alauddin Pao-Pao. The design of this research is research and development (R&D). The improvement version this is used refers back to the Plomp version which includes five levels of development, namely Preliminary investigation, Design, Realization/Construction, Test, Evaluation and Revision (Test, Evaluation and Revition), and Implementation (Implementation). The subjects in this study are students at class X MIA 2 in MA Madani Alauddin Pao-Pao. The instruments used in data collection were validation sheets and HOTS items. Based on the findings of the study, it obtains that the extent of validity of the HOTS gadgets changed into 3.7 that is withinside the very legitimate category, the reliability of the HOTS gadgets is 0.81 suggests in superb category, the issue degree of the HOTS gadgets is 0.60 suggests withinside the medium category. The implications of developing HOTS items can train and encourage students to do high-level reasoning so that they are not fixated on the pattern of answers that result from memorization without understanding the concept of knowledge, and can make students think critically while working on the test in the "Sing a Song "Material so that answers can be produced based on in-depth reasoning.


Higher Order Thinking Skill Test, Instrument Test, sing a song, Speaking skills

Article Details

How to Cite
Abubakar, M., Husain, N. P., & Mardiana, M. (2022). Developing Higher Order Thinking Skills Test Instruments for English Speaking Classes: Sing a Song Material. Eduvelop: Journal of English Education and Development , 6(1), 40-54.


  1. Anderson, L. W., and D. R. Krathwohl. 2001. A Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assessing: A Revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
  2. Borg, W.R, and M.D. Gall. 2003. Educational Research: An Introduction. 4th Editio. London: Longman Inc.
  3. Conklink, W. 2012. Higher Order Thinking Skills to Develop 21st Century Learners. Hungtinton Beach: Shell Educational Publishing, Inc.
  4. Earl, L. 2006. “Assessment - A Powerful Level for Learning.” Brock Education 16 (1).
  5. Hamdi, Syukrul, Iin Aulia Suganda, and Nila Hayati. 2018. “Developing Higher-Order Thinking Skill (HOTS) Test Instrument Using Lombok Local Cultures as Contexts for Junior Secondary School Mathematics.” REID (Research and Evaluation in Education) 4 (2): 126–35. REID.V4I2.22089.
  6. H.douglas brown. 2013. Language Assessment Principle and Classroom Practice. Journal of Petrology.
  7. King, F. J., Goodson, L., and F Rohani. 2010. Assessment & Evaluation Educational Services Program: Higher- Order Thinking Skills. Washington: : A publication of the Educational Services Program.
  8. L. Azizah, S. Mariani, Rochmad. 2012. “Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Model Core Bernuansa Konstruktivistik Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Koneksi Matematis.” Unnes Journal of Mathematics Education Research.
  9. Limbach, Barbara, and Wendy Waugh. 2010. “Developing Higher Level Thinking.” Journal of Instructional Pedagogies, 1–9.
  10. Nazaruddin, Rezkiawati. 2017. “Content Analysis Speaking Materials in English Textbook Based on 2013 Curriculum for the First Grade Student at Vocational High School.” Eduvelop: Journal of English Education and Development 1 (1): 49–56. https://doi. org/10.31605/eduvelop.v1i1.2.
  11. Ngah, Norulbiah, Zaleha Ismail, Zaidatun Tasir, and Mohd Nihra Haruzuan Mohamad Said. 2017. “Students’ Higher Order Thinking Skills and Their Relationships with Problem Posing Ability.” Advanced Science Letters 23 (4): 2876–79. https://
  12. Sakka, Wahyuni, and Rezky Naim. 2019. “Application of A Joyful Learning Strategy Based on Humor Communication to Improve the Interests and Achievements of Learning English | Eduvelop:
  13. Journal of English Education and Development.” 2019. eduvelop/article/view/423.
  16. Wang, S., and H. Wang. 2014. “Teaching and Learning Higher Order Thinking.” International Journal of Arts and Sciences 7 (2): 179–87.
  17. Welle, Van de. 2007. Elementary and Middle School Mathematics: Teaching Developmentally. 5th Editio. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
  18. Widana, I Wayan. 2017. “Higher Order Thinking Skills Assessment (HOTS).” Journal of Indonesian Student Assessment and Evaluation 3 (2): 32.
  19. Widana, I Wayan. 2018. “Higher Order Thinking Skills Assessment towards Critical Thinking on Mathematics Lesson.” International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (IJSSH). https://doi. org/10.29332/ijssh.v2n1.74.
  20. Yonisa, Riza, Kurniawan 1, and Dian Lestari. 2019. “The Development Assessment Instruments of Higher Order Thinking Skills on Economic Subject.” Dinamika Pendidikan 14 (1): 102–15. https://doi. org/10.15294/DP.V14I1.19226.

DB Error: Unknown column 'Array' in 'where clause'

Stack Trace:

File: /home/ojs/webapps/app-ojs/classes/article/ line 91
Function: DAO->retrieve("SELECT DISTINCT a.submission_id FROM authors a LEFT J...", Array(4))

File: /home/ojs/webapps/app-ojs/plugins/generic/recommendByAuthor/ line 77
Function: AuthorDAO->getPublishedArticlesForAuthor(Null, "Multazam", "Abubakar", Array(1), "ID")

File: /home/ojs/webapps/app-ojs/lib/pkp/classes/plugins/ line 107
Function: RecommendByAuthorPlugin->callbackTemplateArticlePageFooter("Templates::Article::Footer::PageFooter", Array(3))

File: /home/ojs/webapps/app-ojs/lib/pkp/classes/template/ line 1116
Function: HookRegistry::call("Templates::Article::Footer::PageFooter", Array(3))

File: /home/ojs/webapps/app-ojs/cache/t_compile/52da5a59067a6bc639f3c7f4d89ddd496e490f36^ line 52
Function: PKPTemplateManager->smartyCallHook(Array(1), Object(Smarty_Internal_Template))

File: /home/ojs/webapps/app-ojs/lib/pkp/lib/vendor/smarty/smarty/libs/sysplugins/smarty_template_resource_base.php line 123
Function: content_63c10a2aef3283_07784807(Object(Smarty_Internal_Template))

File: /home/ojs/webapps/app-ojs/lib/pkp/lib/vendor/smarty/smarty/libs/sysplugins/smarty_template_compiled.php line 114
Function: Smarty_Template_Resource_Base->getRenderedTemplateCode(Object(Smarty_Internal_Template))

File: /home/ojs/webapps/app-ojs/lib/pkp/lib/vendor/smarty/smarty/libs/sysplugins/smarty_internal_template.php line 216
Function: Smarty_Template_Compiled->render(Object(Smarty_Internal_Template))

File: /home/ojs/webapps/app-ojs/lib/pkp/lib/vendor/smarty/smarty/libs/sysplugins/smarty_internal_templatebase.php line 232
Function: Smarty_Internal_Template->render(False, 1)

File: /home/ojs/webapps/app-ojs/lib/pkp/lib/vendor/smarty/smarty/libs/sysplugins/smarty_internal_templatebase.php line 134
Function: Smarty_Internal_TemplateBase->_execute(Object(Smarty_Internal_Template), Null, "52da5a59067a6bc639f3c7f4d89ddd496e490f36", Null, 1)

File: /home/ojs/webapps/app-ojs/lib/pkp/classes/template/ line 843
Function: Smarty_Internal_TemplateBase->display("frontend/pages/article.tpl", Null, "52da5a59067a6bc639f3c7f4d89ddd496e490f36", Null)

File: /home/ojs/webapps/app-ojs/pages/article/ line 209
Function: PKPTemplateManager->display("frontend/pages/article.tpl")

File: /home/ojs/webapps/app-ojs/lib/pkp/classes/core/ line 390
Function: ArticleHandler->view(Array(0), Object(Request))

File: /home/ojs/webapps/app-ojs/lib/pkp/classes/core/ line 231
Function: PKPRouter->_authorizeInitializeAndCallRequest(Array(2), Object(Request), Array(1), False)

File: /home/ojs/webapps/app-ojs/lib/pkp/classes/core/ line 134
Function: PKPPageRouter->route(Object(Request))

File: /home/ojs/webapps/app-ojs/lib/pkp/classes/core/ line 252
Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request))

File: /home/ojs/webapps/app-ojs/index.php line 68
Function: PKPApplication->execute()