Main Article Content


This research scrutinizes find out To find out the student’s error in using passive voice at the Students of MA DDI Banua. The Objectives of the study are: (1) to obtain and identify the common error made by students in constructing Passive voice in Simple past tense and (2) to obtain the causes of errors in constructing Passive voice in simple past tense. The method used in this research was descriptive qualitative. In collecting data, the writer used 3 (three) types of techniques: Observation, interview and test. This research was carried out the students of MA DDI Banua. The population of the research are the students of MA DDI Banua in Academic year 2015/2016 with total number was 79 and Sample of the research will be taken by using random sampling technique. The researcher take language class since the researcher would like to know the students’ ability in language class about passive voice. The sample is from class XI with consist of 18 students. Based on the finding and discussion, the researcher concludes the highest until the lowest frequency and the percentage of errors made by students derives from Information of Passive Verb The writer gave a 20-item highest until the lowest frequency and the percentage of errors made by students derives from global error with 231 errors or 84.61%, local error with 42 errors or 15.39% and the highest until the lowest frequency and the percentage of errors in Information Error made by students derives from Verb 3 (196 errors or 40.55%), Object Pronoun (49 errors or 13.61%), Subject – Object (87 errors or 24.16%), Be (78 errors or 16.11).


Passive Voice Error Analysis

Article Details

How to Cite
Yasim, S., Hasnawiah, H., & Roni, R. (2018). Error Analysis in Using Passive Voice. Eduvelop: Journal of English Education and Development , 2(1), 48-56.


  1. Azar, B.S.1987. “Understanding and Using English Grammar” United States of America. Prentice Hall Regents. Second Edition.
  2. Brown, H Douglas. 2000. Principle of Language Learning and Teaching, 4th ed. New York: Longman.
  3. Betty Schramfer Azar 1999. “Understanding and Using English Grammar”, Second Edition
  4. Celce Mursia Marrianne. 2001. Teaching English as a Second or Foreign language. Third Edition. Heinle and Heinle Tohomson Learning.
  5. Dankin, J. 1974. Techniques in Applied Linguistics. Oxford University Press. Source, Cause and Significance. In Richards, J.C. (ED).
  6. Dulay, H. Burt, M. and Krashen, S. 1982. Language Two. New York: Oxford University Press.
  7. Hanna Y. Touchie. 1986. Second Language Learneing Errors Their Types, Causes, and Treatment. The University of Texas at Austin.
  8. Hewings, Martin.2001. Advanced Grammar in Use 2nd Edition. Jakarta: Erlangga.
  9. Hubard, Peter, 1983. A Training Course for TEFL. New York: Oxford University Press.
  10. Husnul Chotimah Kurniasih. 2013. An Analysis on Students’ Errors on the Use of Passive Voice in Simple Past Tense. Departement of English Education. State Islamic University Syarief Hidayatullah Jakarta.
  11. Krohn, Robert. 1971. English Sentence Structure. Michigan: The University of Michigan Press.
  12. Nurafifah. 2007. ‘Teaching Passive voice to the Third Year Students of SMU Negeri 1 Mamuju’, unpublhised Thesis.Makassar: FBS UNM
  13. Murphy, Raymond. 1985. English Grammar in Use. New York: Cambridge University, Ur, Penny. 1998. Grammar Practice Activities. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  14. Sakka, Wahyuni, Muhammad Aswad, and Fajriani Fajriani. 2018. “Enhancement of English Student Learning Results through Total Physical Response (TPR) Method.” EDUVELOP (Journal of English Education and Development) 1 (2): 86–95.
  15. XIE Fang and JIANG Xue-mei. 2007. Error analysis and the EFL classroom teaching College of Foreign Languages. Liaoning Normal University, Dalian Liaoning 116029, China. US-China Education Review, ISSN1548-6613, USA