Main Article Content

Abstract

Writing serves as a tool for students to extend their grammatical composition, enrich their lexicon, and increase other language abilities, such as reading, listening, and speaking.  This study intends to examine written features and analyze frequent errors of students' grammar in writing. Employing a qualitative descriptive research method, the samples were chosen based on convenience samples. The participants were high schoolers studying at their Year 10, whose English language competence is at an average grade. The students practiced descriptive writing and grammar rules. Four students submitted their essays analyzed using content analysis. The assessment criteria were analyzed using a framework of grammatical errors by James (1998), which classify errors into nine (9) categories (prepositions, articles, singular/plural, adjectives, irregular verbs, tenses, concord, possessive case, and passive/active). The study found 73 errors in students’ writing. The top three errors found were prepositions, articles, and tenses, in a particular order. The next identified errors were singular/plural, concord, possessive case, and irregular verbs.  Some pedagogical implications deriving from the study were also highlighted. The present study suggests the need for EFL teachers to improve their skills in marking and giving feedback toward student writing. This will, in turn, improve students’ writing skills.

Keywords

English as a foreign language Grammatical errors Writing

Article Details

Author Biographies

Nur Fitriyani, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Nur Fitriyani is a postgraduate student of Department of English Education, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Alek Alek, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Alek is a senior lecturer at Department of English Education UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Yudi Septiawan, STISIPOL Pahlawan 12 Bangka

Yudi Septiawan is a lecturer at STISIPOL Pahlawan 12 Bangka

How to Cite
HidayatD. N., FitriyaniN., AlekA., SeptiawanY., & EviyuliawatiI. (2020). An Investigation into The Grammatical Errors of Students’ Writing. EDUVELOP, 4(1), 9-16. https://doi.org/10.31605/eduvelop.v4i1.806

References

  1. Abushihab, Ibrahim, Abdallah Hussein El-Omari, and Mahmoud Tobat. 2011. “An Analysis of Written Grammatical Errors of Arab Learners of English as a Foreign Language at Alzaytoonah Private University of Jordan.” European Journal of Social Sciences 20 (4): 543–52.
  2. Al-Bayati, Wiaam Abdul-Wahab Taha. 2013. “Errors Made by Iraqi EFL Undergraduates in the Use of Prepositions.” Bulletin of the Transylvania University of Brasov, Series IV: Philology & Cultural Studies 6 (55): 41–56.
  3. Al-Shujairi, Yasir Bdaiwi Jasim, and Helen Tan. 2017. “Grammar Errors in the Writing of Iraqi English Language Learners.” International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies 5 (4): 122–30. https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijels.v.5n.4p.122.
  4. Bitchener, John, Stuart Young, and Denise Cameron. 2005. “The Effect of Different Types of Corrective Feedback on ESL Student Writing.” Journal of Second Language Writing 14 (3): 191–205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jslw.2005.08.001.
  5. Brown, H. D., and H. Lee. 2015. Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. 4th ed. New Jersey: Pearson Education.
  6. Carroll, Robert T. 1990. Student Success Guide. Students Success Guide - Writing Skills. Sacramento: Sacramento City College.
  7. Chin, B. A. 2000. The Role of Grammar in Improving Students’ Writing. New York: Oxford University Press.
  8. Cook, G. 1990. “Transcribing Infinity: Problems of Context Presentation.” Journal of Pragmatics 14: 1–24.
  9. Debata, Pradeep K. 2013. “The Importance of Grammar in Second Language Teaching A Reassessment.” Language in India 13 (5): 482–86.
  10. Grant, Leslie, Angela Bell, Monica Yoo, Christina Jimenez, and Barbara Frye. 2017. “Professional Development for Educators to Promote Literacy Development of English Learners: Valuing Home Connections.” Reading Horizons 56 (4): 1–25.
  11. Hourani, Taiseer Mohammed Y. 2008. “An Analysis of the Common Grammatical Errors in the English Writing Made by 3rd Secondary Male Students in the Eastern Coast of the UAE.”
  12. Izumi, Emi, Kiyotaka Uchimoto, Toyomi Saiga, Thepchai Supnithi, and Hitoshi Isahara. 2003. “Automatic Error Detection in the Japanese Learners’ English Spoken Data.” Companion Volume to the Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL)., 145–48. https://doi.org/10.3115/1075178.1075202.
  13. James, C. 1998. Errors in Language Learning Use: Exploring Error Analysis. Harlow, Essex: Addison Wesley Longman Limited.
  14. Johnstone, Karla M, Hollis Ashbaugh, and Terry D. Warfield. 2002. “Effects of Repeated Practice and Contextual-Writing Experiences on College Students’ Writing Skills.” Journal of Educational Psychology 94 (2): 305–15. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.94.2.305.
  15. Kline, Jodie, and Bernadette Walker-Gibbs. 2015. “Graduate Teacher Preparation for Rural Schools in Victoria and Queensland.” Australian Journal of Teacher Education 40 (3): 68–88. https://doi.org/10.14221/ajte.2014v40n3.5.
  16. Mustikawati, Nawang. 2017. “Students’ Perceptions of Writing Descriptive Text at the Eighth Grade of SMPN 1 Sambi Boyolali in 2016/2017 Academic Year: Descriptive Qualitative Approach.” Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta.
  17. Richards, Jack C., and R. Schmidt. 2013. Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics. Longman Dictionary of Applied Linguistics and Language Teaching. Abingdon: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315833835.
  18. Ruark, Allison, and Rebecca Fielding-Miller. 2016. “Using Qualitative Methods to Validate and Contextualize Quantitative Findings: A Case Study of Research on Sexual Behavior and Gender-Based Violence among Young Swazi Women.” Global Health Science and Practice. https://doi.org/10.9745/GHSP-D-16-00062.
  19. Sawalmeh, M. H. M. 2013. “Error Analysis of Written English Essays: The Case of Students of the Preparatory Year Program in Saudi Arabia.” English for Specific Purposes World 14: 1–17.
  20. Siahaan, J. 2013. “An Analysis of Students’ Ability and Difficulties in Writing Descriptive Texts.” Journal of English Education 1 (1): 114–21.
  21. Singh, Charanjit Kaur Swaran, Amreet Kaur Jageer Singh, Nur Qistina Abd Razak, and Thilaga Ravinthar. 2017. “Grammar Errors Made by ESL Tertiary Students in Writing.” English Language Teaching 10 (5): 16–27. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v10n5p16.
  22. Swan, Michael. 2017. Practical English Language Usage. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.